This park is home of the “Red” elephant which derives its colour from the red soil of the Tsavo. Tsavo is the largest of the Kenyan parks covering over 21,000 km². For administrative purpose, it is divided into 2 parks -Tsavo West and Tsavo East with the Nairobi-Mombasa Highway dividing them. It is best known for the “Man-eating Lions” that terrorised builders of the Mombasa-Kisumu railway line in the late 19th century.
Tsavo West National Park is smaller, wetter and mountainous and harbours the famous Mzima Springs, a flood of water gushing from nowhere that provides water to the city of Mombasa, 200 km away. The springs are home to the Hippo, Crocodile and species of fresh water fish. The animals to be found in Tsavo West are the big cats, small cats including the Civet, Mongoose, Jackal, Genet and Serval. Herbivores include Rhino, Buffalo, Giraffe, Kudu, Eland, Oryx, Topi, Hartebeest and the small grazers comprising of Impala, Thomson’s gazelle, Dikdik and Duiker.