Tsavo National Park
This park is home of the “Red” elephant which derives its color from the red soil of the Tsavo. Tsavo is the largest of the Kenyan parks covering over 21,000 km². For administrative purpose, it is divided into 2 parks -Tsavo West and Tsavo East with the Nairobi-Mombasa Highway dividing them. It is best known for the “Man-eating Lions” that terrorized builders of the Mombasa-Kisumu railway line in the late 19th century.
Tsavo West National Park is smaller, wetter and mountanious and harbours the famous Mzima Springs, a flood of water gushing from nowhere that provides water to the city of Mombasa, 200 km away. The springs are home to the Hippo, Crocodile and species of fresh water fish. The animals to be found in Tsavo West are the big cats, small cats including the Civet, Mongoose, Jackal, Genet and Serval. Herbivores include Rhino, Buffalo, Giraffe, Kudu, Eland, Oryx, Topi, Hartebeest and the small grazers comprising of Impala, Thomson’s gazelle, Dikdik and Duiker.
Tsavo East National Park is larger, largely flat and drier and is home to most of the larger mammals, vast herds of dust–red Elephant, Rhino, Buffalo, Lion, Leopard, Hippo, Crocodile, Waterbuck and Lesser Kudu. The sight of dust-red elephant wallowing, rolling and spraying each other with the brownish waters of Galana River and the Aruba Dam is one of the most evocative images of Africa. The Aruba Dam is located on the northern bank of the seasonal Voi River. The prolific bird life features 500 recorded species.